About the Bogatyrs and the Khans: where the Byliny ends and the story begins. – Road.Travel

About the Bogatyrs and the Khans: where the Byliny ends and the story begins.

Road Trip Route. Museum of Crystal. Maltsovyh Crystal Museum, Meshchera National Park, Church of the Primordial Trinity in Tume, Trinity Cathedral in Guse Iron, Anna Ganzen Museum, Khan Mosque and Minaret in Kasimov, Holy Annunciation Monastery, Holy Transfiguration Monastery, .

If you think you know everything about Russia, then this route is for you. I promise that you will rediscover Russia! You will learn that the khans lived not only in the Golden Horde, and Ilya Muromets - not a legendary character, and a real man; visit the Orthodox Church, which is outwardly indistinguishable from the English abbey, you will see a marble iconostasis of Italian masters and a real castle, stand on the spot where Ivan the Terrible stood before the campaign to Kazan and many other interesting things.

History and Culture, 🎅 Winter Trips. From: Vladimir

Maria Gorobets. Travel Expert.

Travel Itinerary and Road Trip Route

Day 1: About the wealth of the Russian land and its people.

This day will be exciting and a bit unexpected (in a good sense ;)), so get ready for surprises and discoveries. In Gus Crystal you will see the crystal for which Russia was famous and learn that gold glass is not always made of gold. In the Meshchera National Park you will learn more about how people lived in Russia and get to know the black and brown fox. In Guse Iron - you'll see an Orthodox church more like an English abbey. And in Kasimov - you will find out who was the first to translate Andersen's fairy tales into Russian.

Vladimir

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Maltsov Crystal Museum

The Maltsovs Crystal Museum has more than two thousand exhibits, mainly products of the Gusev Crystal Factory from the XVIII century to the present day, as well as unique author's works of Gusev glass artists. Among them products in the technique of "natsvet" (when on top of the colorless glass superimposed colored glass), which appeared in the Maltsovsky crystal factory in the early XX century. With the help of "natsvet" technique it was possible to make glass, imitating silver and gold. The museum building itself is unusual: it is located in St. George's Cathedral, built in 1892-1903 by the famous architect LN Benoit. Victor Vasnetsov created unique canvases to decorate the cathedral. After the reconstruction 2 of them were restored: the canvas "Last Judgment" with an area of 50 square meters and the mosaic "Rejoices, Blagodatnaya", collected from small pieces of glass. Next to the museum is a monument to the founder of the city - Akim Maltsov. Please note that the museum is open from Thursday to Sunday from 10:00 to 17:00; on Tuesday, Wednesday from 10:00 to 16:00, on Monday-- not working. Also not working on health days: 20.10, 17.11, 15.12, 19.01, 16.02, 16.03, 20.04.

Regional Studies Complex

The local history complex allows to get acquainted with the life of peasants, you will learn how ancient Russian cities of X-XIV centuries were arranged, visit the hut of burghers' peasants of the end of XIX - beginning of XX centuries, get acquainted with peasant life. Children will be especially pleased with the "Live Corner" with bear Maria Potapovna and black and brown fox Kuzma. Please note that the museum is open from 9 to 16 hours. Order tours by phone at [site](http://park-meshera.ru/tourism/meschera/museums/kraevedcheskiy-kompleks/).

Parking by the quay

Leaving your car in the parking lot, walk along the river Gus (it was the river that gave the name to the city), now as a result of blocking the river was formed reservoir. Around the reservoir there is a beautiful park.

Restaurant Maltsov

The restaurant's original interior (heavy wooden tables and chairs, old surroundings) is interesting, the dishes are stylized as old, cooked according to traditional Russian recipes. On weekends and holidays it is better to reserve a table [in advance](https://xn--80ae0acm1c4am.xn--p1ai/). Please note that the restaurant is open from 13:00 to 21:00.

Temple of the Primordial Trinity

The Temple of the Living Trinity in Tume is unusual for its interior. It is decorated with frescoes by V. Vasnetsov, M. Nesterov, A. Ivanov and others. Some frescoes have similarities with other famous works of these artists: Vasnetsov's frescoes in St. Vladimir's Cathedral in Kiev, Ivan's painting "Christ's Appearance to the People" and others. Another highlight of the cathedral is a unique two-story iconostasis of white marble by Italian masters.

Trinity Cathedral

Trinity cathedral in Guse Iron was built in 1802 - 1868 by order of the largest industrialists Batashovs (they owned iron foundry in Guse Iron). The temple is interesting because it combines pseudo-Gothic, baroque and classical styles. There are still debates about which architect the cathedral was designed by. Among possible authors of the project: V. I. Bazhenov, I. S. Gagin, D. A. Gushchin and Bazhenov's pupil - I. T. Tamansky.

Anna Ganzen Museum

The Memorial Museum of Anna Hansen (the translator of fairy tales, she and her husband translated almost all Andersen's works into Russian) is the most soulful of all the museums in Kasimov. The museum is amateur, created by enthusiast and local historian A.N. Smirnov. The museum will be interesting to children, because A. Smirnov goes on excursion both in the image of Andresen, and in the image of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. During the tour he tells about the history of Kasimov and the people who lived there. To get to the museum is possible only with the excursion with A. Smirnov. To do this you should call in advance by phone +7(920)951-71-76.

Ascension Cathedral

Ascension Cathedral - one of the oldest cathedrals in Kasimov, it is known that it existed on this place already in the XVI century. Unfortunately, since that time the church burned down and rebuilt several times, and the bell tower (which was the tallest building in Kasimov) was completely dismantled into bricks under Soviet rule. The appearance that we see now, the temple has had since the XIX century. Not only Russian, but also Tatar architecture traditions are used in the decoration of the temple facades. The interior decoration of the temple is also unusual: in addition to icons in the temple there are picturesque paintings, painted on the main subjects of the Gospel. The cathedral is located in the very heart of the city - on Sobornaya Square, so if you still have strength after visiting it you can take a short walk around the neighborhood. Please note that the cathedral is open from 7:00 to 20:00.

Kasimovsky Yard Restaurant

Art-café with cozy atmosphere and classic Russian cuisine. The place is very popular both among locals and tourists, therefore it is better to book a table for the evening in advance by phone +7 920 955-12-13. Please note that the restaurant is open from 12:00 to 3:00.

Day 2: About the bogatyrs and the khans: where the past ends and the story begins.

On this day you will meet the heroes of Russian bylinas and fairy tales. In Kasimov you will learn that the khans lived not only in the Golden Horde and climb the minaret of the XV century. You'll also visit the homeland of Russian heroes - the city of Murom. You'll learn that Ilya Muromets is not a legendary character, but a real man (the bravest can touch the cancer with its relics); you'll see the place where Ivan the Terrible prayed before his campaign to Kazan and the church with "wet legs".

Museum of Samovars

The Kasim Museum of Samovars can compete with the world-famous Tula Museum of Samovars in terms of richness of its collection. Here you can see both huge tavern samovars and small samovars "egoists" with 2-4 cups of tea. Please note that the museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday is not open.

Kasimovsky Local History Museum

It's a good walk from the samovar museum to the local history museum. On the way you will see the most beautiful church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The Regional Museum is located in the former mansion of the Alyanchivovs merchants. This museum is the oldest in the Ryazan region: it was founded in 1919. The first exhibits were valuables from the manor houses of Golitsyn and Oleniny, as well as items of peasant clothing and household utensils. Now the museum fund has about 40 thousand exhibits. The exposition is based on Russian and Tatar ethnography, paintings and archeology. Please note that the museum is open from 9:30 to 17:00, and is closed on the last Friday of each month.

Kasimov Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve, Khan Mosque

Further along the picturesque Oka coast, head for the Khan Mosque (the round high tower of the minaret will serve as a guide). The origin of this mosque is still unknown. According to one data, it was founded in the XV century by Tsarevich Kasim, the first ruler of the Kasim Khanate; according to others, the mosque was erected in the XVI century by Shah-Ali Khan. Besides, there is a version that they were both involved in the construction: under Shah-Ali khan they simply rebuilt the first mosque of Tsarevich Qasim. Only one thing is certain: only a minaret has survived from the old building, and the mosque itself was dismantled at the command of Peter the Great, who, according to the legend, passing by the Oka mosque, took it as a church and crossed it. Realizing the mistake, the king ordered to get the Horde temple out of sight. At the end of the XVIII century, by order of Catherine, a stone one-storey mosque with a four-storey roof was built on the same foundation, and at the beginning of the XIX century the building was added a second floor made of bricks, the interior rooms were finished with marble. Khan's Mosque has been preserved in this form till nowadays. In autumn, spring and summer you can climb the minaret and enjoy a panoramic view of the river and the city. From the Mosque we walk to the Museum of Samovars, near which the car is parked, and go to a new point of our journey - the city of Moore.

Epic stone

The monument called Epic Stone appeared in Murom in 1967, it was designed by architect Bespalov and artist Nikolaev.

Holy Ascension Cathedral

After lunch, take a good walk through the historic part of Murom. And the first attraction here will be the Holy Ascension Cathedral. The first mention of this cathedral dates back to 1573 - 1574, and in 1729 a stone cathedral was built in place of a wooden one. Around the cathedral there is a small square.

Café El Caramelo

Café European cuisine, also specializes in desserts and coffee. Coffee in El Caramelo is the best in town. Please note that on Monday and Tuesday the cafe is open from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. and the rest of the days from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m..

Holy Trinity Monastery

The relics of Saints Peter and Fevronia rest in the Holy Trinity Monastery.

Holy Annunciation Monastery

This is the very first and most interesting of Murom's monasteries. Its history begins at the turn of XI-XII centuries and is connected with names of Murom princes - Prince Konstantin (Yaroslav) Svyatoslavich and his sons: Michael and Fedor. In the "Story of the introduction of Christianity in Murom" (XVI century) says that the Murom pagans, unwilling to accept Christianity, killed Michael and Theodor, who defended the princely chambers. Towards the crowd came out Constantine with the icon of the Mother of God in his hands. The image has shone, and the pagans struck by miracle have accepted Christianity and have repented of atrocity. Further the icon of the Mother of God of the Greek letter, brought by prince from Byzantium, began to be called Murom. The temple is also interesting because since 1552 Ivan IV the Terrible prayed here before his campaign to Kazan. He promised to build several temples in the city in case of victory over Kazan, and in 1553 on the site of an old wooden church was built a magnificent stone Annunciation Cathedral, where the relics of St. Constantine, Michael and Theodore were moved. Thus was founded the Annunciation Monastery, which enjoyed the highest patronage of the king. Ivan Vasilyevich allocated to the monastery funds from the state treasury, land ownership, sent the rich church utensils. Now in the monastery there are icons of the Mother of God of the ancient writing: "Iberian", "Sign", "Goat".

Nicolo-Naberezhnaya Church

The church is dedicated to St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, who is revered by the people as the savior of the drowning, the patron saint of floating and traveling. Therefore, this temple was built by the water. Presumably, the first temple was built on this site in the XVI century by order of Ivan the Terrible. At the foot of the mountain, under the temple is Nikolsky spring - the most revered among the people. According to the legend, Nikolai the Wonderworker himself appeared at the spring several times, and water has healing power. It is believed that the underground stream washes the silver cross, laid at the base of the temple, before reaching the surface. Nearby, in the ravine, there is a chapel in honor of the icon of the Mother of God "Lifebearing Spring".

Monument to Ilya Muromets

The monument to bogatyr Ilya Muromts was created by Russian sculptor V.M. Klykov and erected on the bank of the Oka in 1999.

Smolensk Church

Smolenskaya church was built in 1804, in 1832 a bell tower was added to the church, which offers a wonderful view of the city and the river.

Art Gallery

The gallery presents a collection of Russian and Western European art of the XVII-XIX centuries: paintings, graphics, furniture, porcelain. The museum collection is based on the collections of famous Russian archaeologists - Count A. S. Uvarov and his wife P. S. Uvarova. From the gallery returns to the Holy Ascension Cathedral, where the car is parked.

Chaika Restaurant

One of the best restaurants in town. The restaurant is located on the promenade, so you can enjoy the view of the river. Please note that the restaurant is open from 11am to 11pm on weekdays and from 11am to 2pm on weekends. From the restaurant we walk to the Holy Ascension Cathedral, next to which the car is parked.

Gazpromneft filling station #121

It's been a long journey, isn't it time for gas? Come to Gazpromneft for quality fuel, coffee and fresh baked goods to prolong the pleasure of the trip.

Vladimir