About the Bogatyrs and the Khans: where the Byliny ends and the story begins. – Day 2: About the bogatyrs and the khans: where the past ends and the story begins.

On this day you will meet the heroes of Russian bylinas and fairy tales. In Kasimov you will learn that the khans lived not only in the Golden Horde and climb the minaret of the XV century. You'll also visit the homeland of Russian heroes - the city of Murom. You'll learn that Ilya Muromets is not a legendary character, but a real man (the bravest can touch the cancer with its relics); you'll see the place where Ivan the Terrible prayed before his campaign to Kazan and the church with "wet legs".
About the Bogatyrs and the Khans: where the Byliny ends and the story begins.
Travel distance by car: 242 km.Travel distance on foot: 7 km.Visiting: Kasimov, Murom, Yuzhnyy, Vladimir, Kommunar, Stantsiya Stroydetal'

Trip duration: 2 days

Maria Gorobets

Museum of Samovars

The Kasim Museum of Samovars can compete with the world-famous Tula Museum of Samovars in terms of richness of its collection. Here you can see both huge tavern samovars and small samovars "egoists" with 2-4 cups of tea. Please note that the museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday is not open.

Kasimovsky Local History Museum

It's a good walk from the samovar museum to the local history museum. On the way you will see the most beautiful church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The Regional Museum is located in the former mansion of the Alyanchivovs merchants. This museum is the oldest in the Ryazan region: it was founded in 1919. The first exhibits were valuables from the manor houses of Golitsyn and Oleniny, as well as items of peasant clothing and household utensils. Now the museum fund has about 40 thousand exhibits. The exposition is based on Russian and Tatar ethnography, paintings and archeology. Please note that the museum is open from 9:30 to 17:00, and is closed on the last Friday of each month.

Kasimov Historical and Cultural Museum-Reserve, Khan Mosque

Further along the picturesque Oka coast, head for the Khan Mosque (the round high tower of the minaret will serve as a guide). The origin of this mosque is still unknown. According to one data, it was founded in the XV century by Tsarevich Kasim, the first ruler of the Kasim Khanate; according to others, the mosque was erected in the XVI century by Shah-Ali Khan. Besides, there is a version that they were both involved in the construction: under Shah-Ali khan they simply rebuilt the first mosque of Tsarevich Qasim. Only one thing is certain: only a minaret has survived from the old building, and the mosque itself was dismantled at the command of Peter the Great, who, according to the legend, passing by the Oka mosque, took it as a church and crossed it. Realizing the mistake, the king ordered to get the Horde temple out of sight. At the end of the XVIII century, by order of Catherine, a stone one-storey mosque with a four-storey roof was built on the same foundation, and at the beginning of the XIX century the building was added a second floor made of bricks, the interior rooms were finished with marble. Khan's Mosque has been preserved in this form till nowadays. In autumn, spring and summer you can climb the minaret and enjoy a panoramic view of the river and the city. From the Mosque we walk to the Museum of Samovars, near which the car is parked, and go to a new point of our journey - the city of Moore.

Epic stone

The monument called Epic Stone appeared in Murom in 1967, it was designed by architect Bespalov and artist Nikolaev.

Holy Ascension Cathedral

After lunch, take a good walk through the historic part of Murom. And the first attraction here will be the Holy Ascension Cathedral. The first mention of this cathedral dates back to 1573 - 1574, and in 1729 a stone cathedral was built in place of a wooden one. Around the cathedral there is a small square.

Café El Caramelo

Café European cuisine, also specializes in desserts and coffee. Coffee in El Caramelo is the best in town. Please note that on Monday and Tuesday the cafe is open from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. and the rest of the days from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m..

Holy Trinity Monastery

The relics of Saints Peter and Fevronia rest in the Holy Trinity Monastery.

Holy Annunciation Monastery

This is the very first and most interesting of Murom's monasteries. Its history begins at the turn of XI-XII centuries and is connected with names of Murom princes - Prince Konstantin (Yaroslav) Svyatoslavich and his sons: Michael and Fedor. In the "Story of the introduction of Christianity in Murom" (XVI century) says that the Murom pagans, unwilling to accept Christianity, killed Michael and Theodor, who defended the princely chambers. Towards the crowd came out Constantine with the icon of the Mother of God in his hands. The image has shone, and the pagans struck by miracle have accepted Christianity and have repented of atrocity. Further the icon of the Mother of God of the Greek letter, brought by prince from Byzantium, began to be called Murom. The temple is also interesting because since 1552 Ivan IV the Terrible prayed here before his campaign to Kazan. He promised to build several temples in the city in case of victory over Kazan, and in 1553 on the site of an old wooden church was built a magnificent stone Annunciation Cathedral, where the relics of St. Constantine, Michael and Theodore were moved. Thus was founded the Annunciation Monastery, which enjoyed the highest patronage of the king. Ivan Vasilyevich allocated to the monastery funds from the state treasury, land ownership, sent the rich church utensils. Now in the monastery there are icons of the Mother of God of the ancient writing: "Iberian", "Sign", "Goat".

Nicolo-Naberezhnaya Church

The church is dedicated to St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, who is revered by the people as the savior of the drowning, the patron saint of floating and traveling. Therefore, this temple was built by the water. Presumably, the first temple was built on this site in the XVI century by order of Ivan the Terrible. At the foot of the mountain, under the temple is Nikolsky spring - the most revered among the people. According to the legend, Nikolai the Wonderworker himself appeared at the spring several times, and water has healing power. It is believed that the underground stream washes the silver cross, laid at the base of the temple, before reaching the surface. Nearby, in the ravine, there is a chapel in honor of the icon of the Mother of God "Lifebearing Spring".

Monument to Ilya Muromets

The monument to bogatyr Ilya Muromts was created by Russian sculptor V.M. Klykov and erected on the bank of the Oka in 1999.

Smolensk Church

Smolenskaya church was built in 1804, in 1832 a bell tower was added to the church, which offers a wonderful view of the city and the river.

Art Gallery

The gallery presents a collection of Russian and Western European art of the XVII-XIX centuries: paintings, graphics, furniture, porcelain. The museum collection is based on the collections of famous Russian archaeologists - Count A. S. Uvarov and his wife P. S. Uvarova. From the gallery returns to the Holy Ascension Cathedral, where the car is parked.

Chaika Restaurant

One of the best restaurants in town. The restaurant is located on the promenade, so you can enjoy the view of the river. Please note that the restaurant is open from 11am to 11pm on weekdays and from 11am to 2pm on weekends. From the restaurant we walk to the Holy Ascension Cathedral, next to which the car is parked.

Gazpromneft filling station #121

It's been a long journey, isn't it time for gas? Come to Gazpromneft for quality fuel, coffee and fresh baked goods to prolong the pleasure of the trip.

Vladimir